AN IP CCTV camera is a type of digital camera most widely used for security and monitoring purposes. Unlike standard CCTV setups, IP cameras, can send and receive data via a network or the internet.
Most cameras of these types can be termed webcams, however the terms IP camera and netcams are usually applied for surveillance purposes.
Advantages of IP CCTV
- Being accessible over a network or internet, data and video from a CCTv camera can be accessed from anywhere, thus allowing 24/7 monitoring capabilities from virtually anywhere.
- Two way audio functionality allows for communication between the person in front of the camera and the person monitoring
- Intelligent systems that monitor automatically can be installed
- The camera can be moved from a remote location (pan, tilt, zoom)
- Data transmitted cab encrypted and secured
- IP CCTV cameras can be powered over ethernet thus not requiring their own power supply.
Types of IP CCTV
There are two kinds of IP cameras:
- Centralised IP CCTV: Requiring a central network recorder
- Decentralised IP cameras that have in-built recording functions such as SD cards.
CCTV or Closed Circuit Television System allows for remote monitoring and recording of activities in a particular area. CCTv not only allows anyone with access to the camera feed to view remotely and in real time activities in particular areas, but will also record the feeds in such a way that can be used at a later stage.
Uses of CCTV
Practical uses of CCTV equipment include:
- Office Monitoring. Well placed cameras allow monitoring of events at an office without the need to be present.
- Security. Securing a large area, such as an office block or factory, and even an apartment block, requires a considerable amount of security staff. However by installing a CCTV system, the whole area can be monitored remotely by a minimal staff complement, if any. It also allows for remote monitoring in real time by third parties who have access to the feed.